Buson wrote a pleasant summer hokku:
An evening breeze;
The water laps against
The heron’s legs.
R. H. Blyth made a very pertinent comment on this verse, a remark precisely in keeping the principles of modern hokku:
“Buson’s intuitions are strong and clear and quick enough to avoid the colouring of his mind by emotion, or its distortion by intellection.”
Blyth is, of course, talking about just what we practice in modern hokku. We write our verses without any “coloring of the mind” — without using them as symbols or metaphors or allegories — presenting them in all their simplicity and purity. And we present them without “thinking” added, which Blyth here terms intellection. That means we do not use hokku to preach, or to advocate political or social change, nor do we use them to make some abstract point.
Of course there will be people who will say, “This is not poetry! It is just an event with nothing added!”
Precisely. That event with nothing added is the point. If you take pleasure in it without all the obvious frills of poetry, without the clever additions of a “poet,” then it is likely you have the kind of mind that appreciates hokku for what it is.
I always say we should not think of hokku as poetry, because if we do, we automatically haul in all the baggage one has grown up associating with poetry in the West. But hokku is nothing like the bulk of Western poetry. In hokku the poetry lies in the event itself, not in anything a poet may say about it. That is why the writer of hokku must be quick in grasping only that essential event, before the mind begins to add all kinds of thoughts about it, before it begins to decorate it with mental ornaments.
It is always helpful to ask why a particular hokku is effective. In this one, not only do we have the absence of the coloring of the imagination and the absence of “thinking,” we also have a very straightforward harmony of similarity. It lies in the movement of the evening breeze combined with the movement of the water lapping against the heron’s legs. That is all we need when these two elements are united by the heron, who stands in them both.